Mir Mumtaz Ali Talpur is the third son of late Mir Ghulam Ali Talpur of the Shahwani branch of Talpurs of Tando Muhammad Khan. He was born on 20th October 1939 at Hyderabad. His nana (maternal grandfather) Mir Budho Khan Talpur was a jagirdar.
He studied at Jafler Primary School Karachi under the patronage of Allam I. I. Kazi, at NJV High School Karachi and at Noor Muhammad High School, Hyderabad.
In 1952 he was sent by his father for higher studies to UK where he stayed until October 1960. In UK, he studied at various colleges, including: (1) Caius School, Shorem by sea, Sussex, England, where he did his ''O'' level, (2) Regional College of Arts, Bradford, where he did his diploma, and Tooting College of Commerce and Business Management at Balham.
Upon his return he took keen interest in family business like the newly established Talpur Textile Mills, Tando Muhammad Khan. Later on looked after his agricultural lands.
After the passing away of Mir Ghulam Ali Talpur he too started taking active part in politics. In 1964 was elected unopposed as the Vice Chairman of Hyderabad District Council (District Local Board) and was the unanimous candidate of Mir Ali Ahmed Khan Talpur, Makhdoom Talibul Maula and Pir Pagaro. He remained on this position for full 5 years.
In 1970 he was elected MPA from Tando Muhammad Khan which also included the present day Taluka Golarchi. He was very much liked by late Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto. In 1977 he was re-elected and became Sindh Minister for Education and Auqaf. The association with PPP continued till such time there was respect. He even courted arrest during the 1983 Movement for Restoration of democracy (MRD) and remained in different jails of Sindh like Hyderabad and Sukkur, as a political prisoner . After not being given due respect in PPP he left and joined National People's Party (NPP) headed by Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi. Since then has remained in that party being Senior Vice President NPP.
During the care taker set up he again became minister for Excise and Taxation Department, on both occasions he gave jobs to over three hundred people of the rural areas of Tando Muhammad Khan.
His hobbies include traveling, hunting, photography and is very popular in the social, political and diplomatic circles of Karachi and Pakistan. He has traveled the world extensively.
He is married and has a daughter and two sons Mir Murtaza Talpur and Mir Jawad Talpur.
With British High Commission's Commercial Consular
At a reception in 1990s in Karachi (L-R) Mir Mumtaz Ali Talpur, Grant Lundsay OBE (Commercial Councilor, British high Commission), Mushtaq Talpur and Mir Aijaz Ali Talpur
At farewell to Swiss CG, Alex Kubli
Formal black tie sit down dinner by Mushtaq Ali Talpur at his residence (1997): (L-R) Nawab Ghani Talpur (now MNA), Alex Kubli (Consul General of Switzerland), Mushtaq Talpur (host), Mirza Ansar Qizalbash and Mir Mumtaz Ali Talpur
Farewell to Swiss Consul General
Mir Mumtaz Ali Talpur at a sit down dinner by Mushtaq Ali Talpur at his residence (1997)
Year 2000 visit to London
Visiting former British High Commissioner to Karachi E. Callway (L-R) Mir Ghulamullah Talpur, (Late) Gudrun Callway, Mushtaq Talpur and E. Callway.
At Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi's hunting lodge
1986 Hunting trip to Keti Jatoi: (L-R, sitting) Mir Mumtaz Ali Talpur and Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi (ex Prime Minister). (L-R, standing) Mushtaq Ali Talpur, Mir Anwar Ali Talpur, Syed Umeed Ali Shah and host, Ghulam Mujtaba Khan Jatoi.
With late Mansur Valliani
(L-R) Mir Mumtaz Ali Talpur and his friend late Mansur Valliani